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CD36 Signals to the Actin Cytoskeleton and Regulates Microglial Migration via a p130Cas Complex

In the present study we identify the focal adhesion-associated proteins p130Cas, Pyk2, and paxillin as novel members of the tyrosine kinase signaling pathway downstream of CD36 and show that assembly of this complex is essential for microglial migration.

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Statins suppress THP-1 cell migration and secretion of matrix metalloproteinase 9 by inhibiting geranylgeranylation

Macrophages secrete matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), an enzyme that weakens the fibrous cap of atherosclerotic plaques, predisposing them to plaque rupture and subsequent ischemic events.

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A Perivascular Origin for Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Multiple Human Organs

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the archetypal multipotent progenitor cells derived in cultures of developed organs, are of unknown identity and native distribution.

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Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Express a Distinct Set of Biologically Functional Chemokine Receptors

Stromal cells isolated from bone marrow (BMSCs), often referred to as mesenchymal stem cells, are currently under investigation for a variety of therapeutic applications.

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Thrombospondin signaling through the calreticulin/LDL receptor-related protein co-complex stimulates random and directed cell migration

The matricellular extracellular matrix protein thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) stimulates focal adhesion disassembly through a sequence (known as the hep I peptide) in its heparin-binding domain.

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Differential Leukocyte and Endothelial Responses through VEGFR1 and VEGFR2

Purpose: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces angiogenesis and vascular permeability and is thought to be operative in several ocular vascular diseases.

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Angiopoietin-4 Inhibits Angiogenesis and Reduces Interstitial Fluid Pressure

Angiopoietins (Ang) are involved in the remodeling, maturation, and stabilization of the vascular network. Ang-4 was discovered more recently; thus, its effect on angiogenesis and its interplay with other angiogenic factors have not been equivocally established.

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Fibroblast Chemotaxis Induction by Human Recombinant Interleukin-4

Interleukin-4 is a T lymphocyte- and mast cell-derived cytokine with pleiotropic properties with biological effects on a variety of target cells including B and T lymphocytes, macrophages, hematopoietic cells, mast cells, and fibroblasts.

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Galectin-3 Is an Amplifier of Inflammation in Atherosclerotic Plaque Progression through Macrophage Activation and Monocyte Chemoattraction

Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a 26-kDa lectin known to regulate many aspects of inflammatory cell behavior. We assessed the hypothesis that increased levels of Gal-3 contribute to atherosclerotic plaque progression by enhancing monocyte chemoattraction through macrophage activation.

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Cancer/Testis Antigen Expression in Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Down-regulation of SSX Impairs Cell Migration and Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 Expression

Several families of genes by and large located on the X chromosome encode proteins of unspecified function. Commonly known as cancer/testis (CT) antigens, they are considered, under normal conditions, only to be expressed in cells of the germ line and placenta.

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